舍伍德·安德森的小说《鸡蛋》(The Egg)

浏览量:21 次

伍德·安德森(Sherwood Anderson)是20世纪早期美国著名的小说家,在美国文学史上有很重要的地位,海明威和菲茨杰拉德都受过他很大影响,海明威曾说:"他是我们所有人的老师"。

《鸡蛋》(The Egg)是舍伍德的著名短篇小说,网上找不到中译,只有英语原文,好在他的语言比较简单,我昨天就花了一个小时,把这篇小说读了一遍。

小说是用一个孩子的视角叙述的,讲的是他父亲的故事。

亲是俄亥俄州的一个农民,一直以种地为生。但是有了孩子以后,父亲和母亲决定为了孩子将来有出息,必须做一些"ambitious"的事情,不能再当农民了。父亲先开了一个养鸡场,但是没有成功。于是,全家搬到几英里以外的一个小镇上,改为开餐馆,最终也没有成功。小说讲的就是这样一个故事。

小说的前半部分是一个农村家庭苦难的奋斗史,后半部则是写作者的父亲企图用一个鸡蛋取悦他的客人,但是遭到失败。

在这里,那只鸡蛋实际上象征着命运和人生。作者的父亲企图改变命运,就像他企图征服那只鸡蛋那样。但是最终还是要失败,遭到他人的耻笑和命运无情的打击。

说先写了养鸡是何等艰难的事情:

One unversed in such matters can have no notion of the many and tragic things that can happen to a chicken. It is born out of an egg, lives for a few weeks as a tiny fluffy thing such as you will see pictured on Easter cards, then becomes hideously naked, eats quantities of corn and meal bought by the sweat of your father's brow, gets diseases called pip, cholera, and other names, stands looking with stupid eyes at the sun, becomes sick and dies. A few hens and now and then a rooster, intended to serve God's mysterious ends, struggle through to maturity. The hens lay eggs out of which come other chickens and the dreadful cycle is thus made complete. It is all unbelievably complex. Most philosophers must have been raised on chicken farms. One hopes for so much from a chicken and is so dreadfully disillusioned. Small chickens, just setting out on the journey of life, look so bright and alert and they are in fact so dreadfully stupid. They are so much like people they mix one up in one's judgments of life. If disease does not kill them they wait until your expectations are thoroughly aroused and then walk under the wheels of a wagon--to go squashed and dead back to their maker. Vermin infest their youth, and fortunes must be spent for curative powders. In later life I have seen how a literature has been built up on the subject of fortunes to be made out of the raising of chickens. It is intended to be read by the gods who have just eaten of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. It is a hopeful literature and declares that much may be done by simple ambitious people who own a few hens. Do not be led astray by it. It was not written for you. Go hunt for gold on the frozen hills of Alaska, put your faith in the honesty of a politician, believe if you will that the world is daily growing better and that good will triumph over evil, but do not read and believe the literature that is written concerning the hen. It was not written for you.
 
®关于本站文章™ | 若非注明原创,默认 均为网友分享文章,如有侵权,请联系我们™
㊣ 本文永久链接: 舍伍德·安德森的小说《鸡蛋》(The Egg)